Varanasi, also known as Benares, was called "the ancient city" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C.E, and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
India invented the Number System. Zero was invented by Aryabhatta.
The World's first university was established in Takshashila in 700BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century BC was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
Sanskrit is the mother of all the European languages. Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software - a report in Forbes magazine, July 1987.
Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Today Ayurveda is fast regaining its rightful place in our civilization.
Although modern images of India often show poverty and lack of development, India was the richest country on earth until the time of British invasion in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus was attracted by India's wealth.
The art of Navigation was born in the river Sindhu 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from Sanskrit 'Nou'.
Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days.
The value of pi was first calculated by Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century long before the European mathematicians.
Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadratic equations were by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10**53(10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 BCE during the Vedic period. Even today, the largest used number is Tera 10**12(10 to the power of 12).
IEEE has proved what has been a century old suspicion in the world scientific community that the pioneer of wireless communication was Prof. Jagdish Bose and not Marconi.
The earliest reservoir and dam for irrigation was built in Saurashtra.
According to Saka King Rudradaman I of 150 CE a beautiful lake called Sudarshana was constructed on the hills of Raivataka during Chandragupta Maurya's time.
Chess (Shataranja or AshtaPada) was invented in India.
Sushruta is the father of surgery. 2600 years ago he and health scientists of his time conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and even plastic surgery and brain surgery. Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India. Over 125 surgical equipment were used. Deep knowledge of anatomy, physiology, etiology, embryology, digestion, metabolism, genetics and immunity is also found in many texts.
When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization).
The four religions born in India, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population.
The place value system, the decimal system was developed in India in 100 BC.
India is one of the few countries in the World, which gained independence without violence.
India has the second largest pool of Scientists and Engineers in the World.
India is the largest English speaking nation in the world.
India is the only country other than US and Japan, to have built a super computer indigenously.
Yoga is a mental, physical and spiritual practice which has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years. The International Day of Yoga is celebrated annually on June 21st. This date was suggested by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his UN Address as it is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and shares special significance.
The game of Snakes & Ladders originally called 'Mokshapat' was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices and was originally played with cowrie shells and dices.
The highest cricket ground in the world is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. It was built in 1893 and is 2444 meters above sea level.
India has the highest number of Post Offices in the world. As of 31 March 2015 , the Indian Postal Service had154,939 post offices, of which 139,222 (89.86%) were in rural areas and 15,826 (10.14%) in urban areas
The largest employer in India is the Indian Railways. It is the world's seventh largest commercial or utility employer, by number of employees, with over 1.376 million employees as of last published figures in 2013.
Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion after Indonesia. The first Muslims in India are thought to have been traders who came to Kerala during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad.
The oldest synagogue in India is in Cochin. It was built in 1568.
Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively
India provides safety for refugees through large parts of its history. Zoroastrians came to the Gujarat coast to escape persecution in Persia after the conquest of the Sassanid Empire in the 16th/17th century. More recently India has accepted refugees from Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh. His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, runs his government in exile from Dharmashala in northern India.
According to the 1961 census, there were 1,652 languages in India. Some of these may have effectively been dialects and a few languages may have died out since then. Six languages - Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil and Urdu are each spoken by more than 50 million people. A total of 122 languages are each spoken by more than 10,000 people.
Famous Quotes on India (by non-Indians)
Albert Einstein said: We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.
Mark Twain said: India is, the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only.
French scholar Romain Rolland said: If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India.
Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA said: India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.