Punjabi Language

Basically the Punjabi is the language of Punjab. Punjab is one of the 14 regional languages recognized in the Indian constitution.
Central Indo-Aryan language spoken in Punjab, an area now divided between India and Pakistan, to the west, modern Punjabi merges into the Lahnda language. Punjabi Punjabi is a intercontinental language. Its speakers are spread all over the world.

History of the Punjabi language

Punjab is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. Punjab has a long history and rich cultural heritage. The people of the Punjab are called Punjabis and they speak a language called Punjabi. Punjabi is an ancient language, but like Punjabi, started its literary career pretty late. The script is Gurmukhi based on Devanagri.

Punjabi is an ancient language, but like Punjabi, started its literary career pretty late. The script is Gurmukhi based on Devanagri. This Eastern Punjab dialect developed into a literary language around the beginning of the 17th century whereas Hindki still remains a group of dialects. During medieval times, Punjab repeatedly bore the brunt of Afghan invaders and internal battles, and these warring times were not exactly feasible for any sort of literary or cultural expansion. Punjabi literature as such came into existence only from the end of the 16th century when Punjabi was already in its Middle Period. In Indian Punjab, Gurmukhi script, created from the Nagari script, is the official script for Punjabi and in Pakistani Punjab, Shahmukhi is the official script. Punjabi was evolving and Guru Nanak, the founder of the Sikh religion, gave a new lease of life to the language although it was still not in its pure form. The fifth Guru, Arjun Dev compiled the Sikh scripture, the Adi Grantha or Guru Granth Sahib, but this again was not strictly in Punjabi. Guru Govind Singh (1666-1708), the tenth and last Guru, wrote a number of religious works mainly in Old Hindi with the exception of Chandi di Var which is in Punjabi.

Alphabets

ਓ ਅ ੲ ਸ ਹ
ਕ ਖ ਗ ਘ ਙ
ਚ ਛ ਜ ਝ ਞ
ਟ ਠ ਡ ਢ ਣ
ਤ ਥ ਦ ਧ ਨ
ਪ ਫ ਬ ਭ ਮ
ਯ ਰ ਲ ਵ ੜ
ਸ਼ ਖ਼ ਗ਼ ਜ਼ ਫ਼ ਲ਼

Numbers

Lets learn the Cardinal Numbers, Ordinal Numbers and Mathematical Symbols which is listed in the table:

Cardinal Numbers

English Numbers Punjabi Numbers Punjabi Transliteration English Transliteration
0 o ਸਿਫਰ sifar
1 ਇੱਕ ikk
2 ਦੋ do
3 ਤਿੱਨ tinn
4 ਚਾਰ chā
5 ਪੰਜ punj
6 ਛੇ che
7 ਸੱਤ satt
8 ਅੱਠ aṭh
9 ਨੌੰ nauṃ
10 ੧੦ ਦੱਸ dass
11 ੧੧ ਗਿਆਰਾਂ giārāṃ
12 ੧੨ ਬਾਰਾਂ bārāṃ
13 ੧੩ ਤੇਰਾਂ tērāṃ
14 ੧੪ ਚੌਦਾਂ chaudāṃ
15 ੧੫ ਪੰਦਰਾਂ pandarāṃ
16 ੧੬/ ਸੋਲ਼ਾਂ sōḷāṃ
17 ੧੭ ਸਤਾਰਾਂ satārāṃ
18 ੧੮ ਅਠਾਰਾਂ aṭhārāṃ
19 ੧੯ ਉਨੀ unnī
20 ੨੦ ਵੀਹ vīh
30 ੩੦ ਤੀਹ tīh
40 ੪੦ ਚਾਲੀ cālī
50 ੫੦ ਪੰਜਾਹ paṃjāh
60 ੬੦ ਸੱਠ saṭhṭh
70 ੭੦ ਸੱਤਰ sattar
80 ੮੦ ਅੱਸੀ assī
90 ੯੦ ਨੱਬੇ nabbe
100 ੧੦੦ ਸੌ sau
1000 ੧੦੦੦ ਹਜਾਰ hajār
100,000 ੧੦੦੦੦੦ ਲੱਖ lakhkh
1,000,000 ੧੦੦੦੦੦੦ ਦੱਸ ਲੱਖ dass lakhkh
10,000,000 ੧੦੦੦੦੦੦੦ ਕਰੋੜ crore

List of Ordinal Numbers

English Numbers Punjabi Numbers
first ਪਹਿਲਾ
second ਦੂਸਰਾ
third ਤੀਸਰਾ
fourth ਚੌਥਾ
fifth ਪੰਜਵਾਂ
sixth ਚੇਵਾਂ
seventh ਸੱਤਵਾਂ
eighth ਅੱਠਵਾਂ
ninth ਨੌਂਵਾਂ
tenth ਦਸਵਾਂ
once ਇੱਕ ਵਾਰੀਂ
twice ਦੋ ਵਾਰੀਂ

Mathematical Symbols

English Punjabi Punjabi Transliteration
Add ਸ਼ਾਮਿਲ Śāmila
Subtract ਘਟਾਓ Ghaṭā'ō
Greater than ਵੱਧ Vadha
Less than ਉਸ ਤੋਂ ਘਟ Usa tōṁ ghaṭa
Approximately ਲੱਗਭੱਗ Lagabhaga

Phrases

English Punjabi
I Main
He Oh
She Oh
You Tu, tusi
Eat Khana
Father Appa/thandhe
Drink Pinna
How are you? Tussi kiwen ho?
What is your name? Tuhada naan ki hai?

 
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