Marathi Language

Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Maharashtrian people of western India. Among the Indo-Aryan languages, Marathi is the southern-most language.
Marathi ranks 4th in India according to the number of speakers as their primary language. Marathi belongs to the group of Indo-Aryan languages which are a part of the larger of group of Indo-European languages, all of which can be traced back to a common root.

History of the Marathi language:

Marathi can be traced back far beyond the 10th century. It descends from Sanskrit through Pali, Maharashtri and Maharashtra - Apabhramsa. A gradual process of change and modification in the spoken language has led to the rise of the present Marathi. The origin and growth of Marathi literature is indebted to two important events.

The first was the rise of the Jadhava dynasty whose capital was Devgiri. The Jadhava's adopted Marathi as the court language and patronized Marathi learned men. The second event was the coming of two religious sects known as Mahanubhav Panth and Warkari Panth which adopted Marathi as the medium for preaching their doctrines of devotion. Writers of the Mahanubhav sect contributed to Marathi prose while the saint-poets of Warkari sect composed Marathi poetry. However, the latter group is regarded as the pioneers and founders of Marathi literature.

Alphabets

अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ए ऐ ओ औ अं अः
क ख ग घ ङ
च छ ज झ ञ
ट ठ ड ढ ण
त थ द ध न
प फ ब भ म
य र ल व श ष स ह ळ क्ष ज्ञ श्र

Numbers

Lets learn the Cardinal Numbers, Ordinal Numbers and Mathematical Symbols which is listed in the table:

Cardinal Numbers

English Numbers Marathi Numbers Marathi Transliteration English Transliteration
0 o शुन्य śunya
1 एक ēk
2 दोन don
3 तीन teen
4 चार chaār
5 पांच pānch
6 सहा sha
7 सात saāt
8 आठ āṭh
9 नऊ nau
10 १० दहा daha
11 ११ अकरा akara
12 १२ बारा bara
13 १३ तेरह tērah
14 १४ चौदा chaudah
15 १५ पंधरा pamdhara
16 १६ सोळा sola
17 १७ सतरा satara
18 १८ अठरा athara
19 १९ एकोणीस ekonis
20 २० बीस vis
30 ३० तीस tis
40 ४० चाळीस chalis
50 ५० पन्नास pannas
60 ६० साठ sāṭh
70 ७० सत्तर sattar
80 ८० ऐंशी aimshi
90 ९० नव्वद navvad
100 १०० shambhar शंभर
1000 १,೦೦೦ यक हजार ek hajar
10, 000 १೦,೦೦೦ दहा हजार daha hajar
100,000 १೦೦,೦೦೦ लाख lakh
1,000,000 १,೦೦೦,೦೦೦ दहा लाख daha lakh
10,000,000 १೦,೦೦೦,೦೦೦ कोटी kotI

List of Ordinal Numbers

English Numbers Marathi Numbers
first पहिला
second दूसरा
third तीसरा
fourth चौथा
fifth पांचवां
sixth सहावा
seventh सातवा
eighth अाठवा
ninth नववा
tenth दहावा
once यकदा
twice दाोनदा

Mathematical Symbols

English Marathi Marathi Transliteration
Add जोडा Jōḍā
Subtract वजाबाकी Vajābākī
Greater than पेक्षा मोठे Pēkṣā mōṭhē
Less than पेक्षा कमी Pēkṣā kamī
Approximately अंदाजे Andājē

Phrases

English Marathi
I Me
He To
She Tee
You Tu
Eat Khane
Drink Pene
How are you? Tu kasa aahe?
What is your name? What is your name?
congratulations abhinandan
they advised him tyanni tyala sila idala
I can agree with that mi tyachayashi sahamat haouu shakatao
we announce it aamhi to jahir karatao
I can apologize mi mafi magu shakatao
they avoid her to tila taltat
they became happy to aanandi zalo
we borrowed money aamhi paiso usano ghotalo
we calculate it aamhi tyachi aakadomaod karatao
we complain about it aamhi tab_l tak`ar karatao
I can decide now mi aata tharavu shakatao
I can explain that mi to samajavu shakatao
we forgive him aamhi tyala bhama karatao
we greeted them aamhi tyancho svagat kolo
she lost that tino to haravalo
we protected them aamhi tyancho rabhan kolo

 
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