Kannada Language

Kannada is the state language of Karnataka, one of the four southern states in India. It is also one of the official languages of the Republic of India. It is written using the Kannada script. Kannada is almost as old as Tamil, the truest of the Dravidian family.
Dravidian language, the official language of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is spoken by more than 33 million people in Karnataka; an additional 11 million Indians may speak it as a second language. The earliest inscriptional records in Kannada are from the 6th century. Kannada script is closely akin to Telugu script in origin. Like other major Dravidian languages, Kannada has a number of regional and social dialects and marked distinctions between formal and informal usage.

History of the Kannada language

Kannada is a south Indian language spoken in Karnataka state of India.Kannada is originated from the Dravidian Language. Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam are the other South Indian Languages originated from Dravidian Language. Kannada and Telugu have almost the same script. Kannada as a language has undergone modifications since BCs. It can be classified into four types:
  • Purva Halegannada (from the beginning till 10th Century)
  • Halegannada (from 10th Century to 12th Century)
  • Nadugannada (from 12th Century to 15th Century)
  • Hosagannada (from 15th Century)

Alphabets

One of the Dravidian languages of southern India is Kannada. The alphabets are abugida of the Brahmic family and are used to write the kannada language. Tulu, Konkani, Kodava, and Beary are the other minor languages which use alphabets based on the Kannada script.
ಅ ಆ ಇ ಈ ಉ ಊ ಋ ಎ ಏ ಐ ಒ ಓ ಔ ಅಂ ಅಃ
ಕ ಖ ಗ ಘ ಙ
ಚ ಛ ಜ ಝ ಞ
ಟ ಠ ಡ ಢ ಣ
ತ ಥ ದ ಧ ನ
ಪ ಫ ಬ ಭ ಮ
ಯ ರ ಲ ವ ಳ ಶ ಷ ಸ ಹ ಳ ಕ್ಷ ಜ್ನ

Numbers

Lets learn the Cardinal Numbers, Ordinal Numbers and Mathematical Symbols which is listed in the table:

Cardinal Numbers

Cardianal numbers tells "how many" i.e one, two, three.. eg: 1 ball
English Numbers Kannada Numbers Kannada Transliteration English Transliteration
0 o ಸೊನ್ನೆ sonnē
1 ಒಂದು ondu
2 ಎರಡು ēraḍu
3 ಮೂರು mūru
4 ನಾಲ್ಕು nālku
5 ಅಯ್ದು aydu
6 ಆರು āru
7 ಏಳು ēḷu
8 ಎಂಟು ēṇṭu
9 ಒಂಬತ್ತು ombattu
10 ೧೦ ಹತ್ತು hattu
11 ೧೧ ಹನ್ನೊಂದು hannondu
12 ೧೨ ಹನ್ನೆರಡು hannēraḍu
13 ೧೩ ಹದಿಮೂರು hadimūru
14 ೧೪ ಹದಿನಾಲ್ಕು hadinālku
15 ೧೫ ಹದಿನೈದು hadinaidu
16 ೧೬ ಹದಿನಾರು hadināaru
17 ೧೭ ಹದಿನೇಳು hadinēḷu
18 ೧೮ ಹದಿನೆಂಟು hadinēṇṭu
19 ೧೯ ಹತ್ತೊಂಬತ್ತು hattombattu
20 ೨೦ ಇಪ್ಪತ್ತು ippattu
30 ೩೦ ಮೂವತ್ತು mūvattu
40 ೪೦ ನಲವತ್ತು nalavattu
50 ೫೦ ಐವತ್ತು aivattu
60 ೬೦ ಅರುವತ್ತು aruvattu
70 ೭೦ ಎಪ್ಪತ್ತು ēppattu
80 ೮೦ ಎಂಬತ್ತು ēmbattu
90 ೯೦ ತೊಂಬತ್ತು tombattu
100 ೧೦೦ ನೂರು nūru
1000 ೧,೦೦೦ ಸಾವಿರ sāvira
10, 000 ೧೦,೦೦೦ ಹತ್ತು ಸಾವಿರ Hathu savira
100,000 ೧೦೦,೦೦೦ ಒಂದು ಲಕ್ಷ ondu lakSha
1,000,000 ೧,೦೦೦,೦೦೦ ಹತ್ತು ಲಕ್ಷ hattu lakṣa
10,000,000 ೧೦,೦೦೦,೦೦೦ ಕೋಟಿ kōṭi

List of Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal numbers tell their "position in the list" i.e first, second, third.. eg: first in line
English Numbers Kannada Numbers
Ordinal Numbers sankhyagalu
first prathama
second dwithiya
third thruthiya
fourth chathurthi
fifth panchami
sixth sashtami
seventh sapthami
eighth ashata
ninth nava
tenth dasha
once ondu sala
twice eradu sala

Mathematical Symbols

English Kannada Kannada Transliteration
Add ಸೇರಿಸಬಹುದು Sērisabahudu
Subtract ಕಳೆಯಿರಿ Kaḷeyiri
Greater than ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ Heccina
Less than ಕಡಿಮೆ Kaḍime
Approximately ಸುಮಾರು Sumāru

Phrases

Kannada Phrases is very important because we use in every day conversation.
English Kannada
I Nanu
He Avanu
She Avalu
You Neenu
Mother Thaayi/amma
Father Appa/thandhe
hello namaskara
bye vandhane
congratulations shubasuchane
sorry kshamisi
really nijavagalu
What is your name? Ninna hesarenu?/ Ninna hesaru yenu?
How are you? Hegiddhiya?/ Neenu heghiddhiya?
can I help you? naanu nimage sahaya madabahude
what time is it? eega esthu ghante
I can apologize naanu kshamekelaballe
Do you speak English ? Nimige English gotha?

 
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