India's performance in social development

India's performance in social development when compared to select nations in our neighbourhood and of interest around the globe. The indicators considered here are, the life expectancy, maternal mortality, infant mortality, calorie consumption, fertility rate, primary enrollment.

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT RANKING

  • Life Expectancy
  • Infant Mortality
  • Energy Consumption
  • Fertility Rate
  • Maternity mortality ratio

Life expectancy is a measure of the average number of years a person born in a given country is expected to live if mortality rates at each age were to remain steady in the future.

Life Expectancy
Serial no. Country Life Expectancy (in years)
1   Japan 83.7
2   France 82.4
3   United Kingdom 81.2
4   Germany 81
5   United states 79.3
6   China 76.1
7   Brazil 75
8   Bangladesh 71.8
9   India 68.3
10   Pakistan 66.4

Source: World Health Organization (2015)

Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.

Infant Mortality
Serial no. Country Infant Mortality (per 1,000 live births)
1   Japan 2.08
2   Germany 3.43
3   France 4.3
4   United Kingdom 4.38
5   United states 5.87
6   China 12.44
7   Brazil 18.60
8   India 41.81
9   Bangladesh 44.08
10   Pakistan 55.67

Source: CIA World Factbook (As of 2015)

Energy consumption refers to the amount of food available for human consumption as estimated by the FAO Food Balance Sheets.

Energy Consumption Per Capita
Serial no. Country Energy consumption per capita (kilocalories)
1   United states 3,750
2   Germany 3,540
3   France 3,530
4   United Kingdom 3,450
5   Brazil 3,120
6   China 2,990
7   Japan 2,800
8   India 2,360
9   Pakistan 2,280
10   Bangladesh 2,270

Source: Wikipedia (As of 2006-2008)

Fertility Rate is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime

Fertility Rate
Serial no. Country Fertility Rate
1   Pakistan 2.68
2   India 2.51
3   Bangladesh 2.19
4   France 2.07
5   United states 1.87
6   United Kingdom 1.89
7   Brazil 1.76
8   China 1.60
9   Germany 1.44
10   Japan 1.41

Source: 2016 List by the CIA World Factbook

Maternal mortality refers to deaths due to complications from pregnancy or childbirth. This is the number of deaths for every thousand childbirths. A high maternal mortality is an indication of poor primary health care in the country.

Maternity mortality ratio
Serial no. Country Maternity mortality ratio
1   Japan 5
2   Germany 6
3   France 8
4   United Kingdom 9
5   United states 14
6   China 27
7   Brazil 44
8   India 174
9   Bangladesh 176
10   Pakistan 178

Source: UNICEF Data:(As of 2015)

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